Intro to Trigonometry Module:
Basic Elements of Right Triangle Trigonometry

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Lesson Worksheet 3

Open the Sketchpad file and do the following steps.

In this section, we will get more familiar with how to use the UNIT CIRCLE to further your understanding of trig ratios.

STEP 1: Double-click the ANIMATE button. Let the animation finish and DO NOT do anything to the sketch.

STEP 2: Notice the top circle and specifically the red segment of the triangle inside the circle. The length of this red line is also the SIN of <NIS as we saw in the previous section.

STEP 3: Go to the EDIT menu and select UNDO Translate points.

STEP 4: As the radius of the circle rotates around the circle, < SIN increases starting from 0. Double-click the ANIMATE button again. The point that is being traced shows the length of the red segment as the angle increases from 0 to 360 degrees. Describe the graph that is traced out.

STEP 5: What's the length of the segment (or the SIN of the angle) at 0 degrees, 90 degrees,180, and 270 .

STEP 6: Go to the EDIT menu and select UNDO Translate points.

STEP 7: Double-click the ANIMATE button again. Now, notice the bottom circle and the red segment of the triangle inside the circle. The length of this red line is also the COS of <SOC as we saw in the previous section.

STEP 8: Go to the EDIT menu and select UNDO Translate points.

STEP 9: As the radius of the circle rotates around the circle, < SOC increases starting from 0. Double-click the ANIMATE button again. The point that is being traced shows the length of the red segment as the angle increases from 0 to 360 degrees. Describe the graph that is traced out.

STEP 10: What's the length of the segment (or the COS of the angle) at 0 degrees, 90 degrees,180, and 270.

STEP 11: Describe both the SIN and the COS graphs. What's similar and what's different between the size and shape of the graphs.