Science: Goal 11

Learning Standards Early High School Late High School Back to Summary
A. Know and apply the concepts, principles and processes of scientific inquiry. 11.A.4a Formulate hypotheses referencing prior research and knowledge. 11.A.5a Formulate hypotheses referencing prior research and knowledge.
11.A.4b Conduct controlled experiments or simulations to test hypotheses. 11.A.5b Design procedures to test the selected hypotheses.
11.A.4c Collect, organize and analyze data accurately and precisely. 11.A.5c Conduct systematic controlled experiments to test the selected hypotheses.
11.A.4d Apply statistical methods to the data to reach and support conclusions. 11.A.5d Apply statistical methods to make predictions and to test the accuracy of results.
11.A.4e Formulate alternative hypotheses to explain unexpected results. 11.A.5e Report, display and defend the results of investigations to audiences that may include professionals and technical experts.
11.A.4f Using available technology, report, display and defend to an audience conclusions drawn from investigations.  
B. Know and apply the concepts, principles and processes of technological design. 11.B.4a Identify a technological design problem inherent in a commonly used product. 11.B.5a Identify a design problem that has practical applications and propose possible solutions, considering such constraints as available tools, materials, time and costs.
11.B.4b Propose and compare different solution designs to the design problem based upon given constraints including available tools, materials and time. 11.B.5b Select criteria for a successful design solution to the identified problem.
11.B.4c Develop working visualizations of the proposed solution designs (e.g., blueprints, schematics, flowcharts, cad-cam, animations). 11.B.5c Build and test different models or simulations of the design solution using suitable materials, tools and technology.
11.B.4d Determine the criteria upon which the designs will be judged, identify advantages and disadvantages of the designs and select the most promising design.* 11.B.5d Choose a model and refine its design based on the test results.
11.B.4e Develop and test a prototype or simulation of the solution design using available materials, instruments and technology. 11.B.5e Apply established criteria to evaluate the suitability, acceptability, benefits, drawbacks and consequences for the tested design solution and recommend modifications and refinements.
11.B.4f Evaluate the test results based on established criteria, note sources of error and recommend improvements. 11.B.5f Using available technology, prepare and present findings of the tested design solution to an audience that may include professional and technical experts.
11.B.4g Using available technology, report to an audience the relative success of the design based on the test results and criteria.  
* The teacher determines the criteria, the students determine how the criteria affect the design.