Measurement and Assessment of Body Temperatures
Explain different types of thermometers: glass, tympanic, electronic, disposable, test tape
Show markings on a glass thermometer- Fahrenheit and Centigrade
Explain how to read a glass thermometer
response to the patientís body heat
- a glass thermometer is essentially a triangle
- the painted side is held away from you as though it is a wall
Explain how to use a glass oral thermometer
Explain how to use a tympanic thermometer
Explain normal temperatures and normal temperature ranges
Read textbook chapter on Measuring Vital Signs
Show videos: "Measuring Vital Signs: Temperature, Pulse, Respiration and Blood Pressure" and "Using the Thermoscan Tympanic Thermometer"
Complete worksheet on Temperatures.
Demonstrate the use of the various thermometers: glass, tympanic and electronic
What differences do you expect in results?
What would be the cause of the variances between temperatures taken on the same patient with different types of thermometers?
Have the students practice taking oral and tympanic temperatures
Have the students take and record temperatures as follows:
3 patients- oral temperatures with glass thermometers
2 of those same patients using 2 different tympanic thermometers
1 of those same patients using an electronic thermometer
record temperatures on a graphic sheet and on a vital signs flow sheet
Have students enter their data on a spreadsheet and do the following comparisons:
Compare the results when using different equipment
Compare the results to the average normal temperatures
Complete written test
Sample Student Work:
Data on Spreadsheet
Graphs and Data
More Graphs and Data
Graphs and Data and Measures of Central Tendency
More Measures of Central Tendency
Illinois Learning Standards
Goal 7A: Measure and compare quantities using appropriate units, instruments and methods. Measure body temperatures and compare the readings to the normal temperature ranges using Fahrenheit and Centigrade scales, glass and tympanic thermometers.
Goal 7C: Select and use appropriate technology, instruments and formulas to solve problems, interpret results and communicate findings. Enter data on a spreadsheet and compare the results when using different equipment. Compare the results to the average normal temperatures.
Goal 8B: Interpret and describe numerical relationships using tables, graphs and symbols.
Record temperatures on a graphic sheet and on a vital signs flow sheet.
Goal 10A: Organize, describe and make predictions from existing data. Compare the results to the average normal temperature ranges. Construct a graph to organize the data within the normal temperature range scale.