Science: Goal 13

Learning Standards Early High School Late High School Back to Summary
A. Know and apply the accepted practices of science. 13.A.4a Estimate and suggest ways to reduce the degree of risk involved in science activities. 13.A.5a Design procedures and policies to eliminate or reduce risk in potentially hazardous science activities.
13.A.4b Assess the validity of scientific data by analyzing the results, sample set, sample size, similar previous experimentation, possible misrepresentation of data presented and potential sources of error. 13.A.5b Explain criteria that scientists use to evaluate the validity of scientific claims and theories.
   
13.A.4c Describe how scientific knowledge, explanations and technological designs may change with new information over time (e.g., the understanding of DNA, the design of computers). 13.A.5c Explain the strengths, weaknesses and uses of research methodologies including observational studies, controlled laboratory experiments, computer modeling and statistical studies.
   
13.A.4d Explain how peer review helps to assure the accurate use of data and improves the scientific process. 13.A.5d Explain, using a practical example (e.g., cold fusion), why experimental replication and peer review are essential to scientific claims.
   
B. Know and apply concepts that describe the interaction between science, technology and society. 13.B.4a Compare and contrast scientific inquiry and technological design as pure and applied sciences. 13.B.5a Analyze challenges created by international competition for increases in scientific knowledge and technological capabilities (e.g., patent issues, industrial espionage, technology obsolescence).
13.B.4b Analyze a particular occupation to identify decisions that may be influenced by a knowledge of science. 13.B.5b Analyze and describe the processes and effects of scientific and technological breakthroughs.
   
13.B.4c Analyze ways that resource management and technology can be used to accommodate population trends. 13.B.5c Design and conduct an environmental impact study, analyze findings and justify recommendations.
   
13.B.4d Analyze local examples of resource use, technology use or conservation programs; document findings; and make recommendations for improvements. 13.B.5d Analyze the costs, benefits and effects of scientific and technological policies at the local, state, national and global levels (e.g., genetic research, Internet access).
   
13.B.4e Evaluate claims derived from purported scientific studies used in advertising and marketing strategies. 13.B.5e Assess how scientific and technological progress has affected other fields of study, careers and job markets and aspects of everyday life.