Where r equals the length of the radius of the circle, the area of the circle is then Pi*r*r. The diameter of the circle is the same as the length of each side of the square. Since the diameter of the circle, twice the radius, equals (2*r), the area of the square is equal to (2*r)*(2*r).
The probability of a point landing within the circle equals (Pi*r*r)/(2*r*2*r). By then performing algebra and removing (r*r) from the numerator and the denominator the simplified equation becomes P(landing in circle) = Pi/4.
Next, multiply both sides by 4.
Pi is now equivalent to four times the probability of a data point landing in the circle.
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Last Revised: 7/27/98